OHS Canada Magazine

Handling COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in the workplace

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March 23, 2021
By Kristina Vassilieva

Health & Safety Human Resources Occupational Hygiene COVID-19 editor pick vaccines

Education will be key in reducing doubt among workers

In most cases, employers will not be able to make vaccination a necessary requirement of employment, as this could amount to a human rights violation. (Getty Images)

As vaccine programs continue their rollout across Canada, many employers may not be sure how to handle the issue of vaccine hesitancy in their workplace.

While some workers might be very keen to get vaccinated, others may not be. For businesses, this raises concerns as unvaccinated staff will continue to be at risk of getting sick from COVID-19.

Puneet Tiwari, legal counsel and legal claims manager at Peninsula Canada in Toronto, says employers must know what rights workers have when it comes to vaccination and that education will be key in reducing doubt among workers.

Will vaccines be mandatory?

The Canadian government will not be making COVID-19 vaccinations mandatory.

This means that businesses cannot force their workers into getting the vaccine. In most cases, employers will not be able to make vaccination a necessary requirement of employment, as this could amount to a human rights violation.


“Employers would be wise to avoid pressuring their staff into getting a vaccine because they may not be able to due medical reasons, religious beliefs or due to a disability,” says Tiwari. “However, employers can strongly encourage eligible staff to get vaccinated once they have the opportunity.”

Guidance on COVID-19 vaccine policies for employees

How can employers handle workers’ concerns?

To ease workers’ doubts and help them make a decision that is right for them, employers can provide staff with education and resources on vaccines.

“Hosting an info session explaining the safety of the vaccine, the vaccination process and what happens after, can be useful in helping workers understand vaccines better,” according to Tiwari. “Being informed and up to date on the latest news can also help reduce workers’ worries and uncertainty.”

Employers can also consider using external trainers and e-learning tools to give workers insight on how vaccines can help during the pandemic. Workers should be reminded that they should be verifying the legitimacy and credibility of their information sources when doing independent research on vaccines.


What should employers do when workers refuse the vaccine?

For workers that refuse to get the vaccine, employers might have to provide accommodations up to the point of undue hardship. For example, an employer could accommodate a remote worker that refuses to get the vaccine by letting them continue working from home.

However, if returning to the office is necessary for the operation of the business, or the employee’s job duties do not allow them to work from home, it may be too difficult for the employer to accommodate them in this manner.

In such a case, the employer might have to make other accommodations.

In the workplace, an unvaccinated employee could be accommodated with a separate work area that allows them to properly maintain social distance.

Employers can also require unvaccinated workers to continue following COVID-19 health and safety measures such as wearing face masks or coverings in order to protect others in the workplace, says Tiwari.

How can employers protect their business?

To protect their business, employers should do their best to accommodate unvaccinated staff, to support employees who are still undecided about the vaccine, and to protect their workplace with continued health and safety measures.

It is important that employers give workers time to make their decision on vaccination.

They may need time to do their own research or consult a physician to determine whether this is the right choice for them. Meanwhile, employers can provide staff with news updates and education on COVID-19 vaccines.

Kristina Vassilieva is an HR writer for Peninsula Canada in Toronto.


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