OHS Canada Magazine

Alberta introduces bill against workplace bullying, harassment

Proposed law would make harassment policies mandatory

(Canadian OH&S News) — Alberta employers may have a tougher time getting away with bullying and harassment from now on, as the provincial legislature has just proposed a law that would make harassment policies mandatory for workplaces.

Craig Coolahan, the MLA for Calgary-Klein, tabled a private member’s bill in the legislature in Edmonton on Nov. 9. The Occupational Health and Safety (Protection from Workplace Harassment) Amendment Act, 2016 passed its first reading and is moving on to its second.

“Currently, there is no legislation that recognizes bullying or psychological harassment in the workplace,” Coolahan wrote in an op-ed column submitted to various media outlets, including COHSN. “We can do better. Albertans deserve a workplace that is safe from both physical harm and the psychological and emotional damage that workplace harassment inflicts.”

If the bill passes, every Alberta employer will have to establish a workplace harassment policy and investigate all harassment complaints. If an employee is not satisfied with the resolution of a complaint, he or she will be able to file another complaint with a government occupational health and safety officer, who may mediate a resolution if the matter appears to have merit. An unsuccessful mediation could potentially result in “corrective action” against the accused perpetrator.

“In consultations with Alberta businesses of all sizes, individual victims, labour organizations and pertinent non-profit and professional organizations,” wrote Coolahan, “there is clear support for providing all Albertans with a safe, harassment-free work environment.”


One of the bill’s vocal supporters is Linda Crockett, a social worker and the founder and executive director of the Alberta Bullying Research, Resources & Recovery Centre in Edmonton.

“I am extremely excited to see this happen. I thought we were going to be waiting a few years before we saw it,” said Crockett. “All those people out there that are suffering, either just beginning that process or suffering in isolation, I see hope for them now.”

Coolahan cited a recent study revealing that 60 per cent of Alberta workers had experienced workplace harassment, while half of the victims of bullying or harassment would not report it. Of the ones who had sought help from their employers’ human-resources departments, 62 per cent said that the companies had taken no action.

If Coolahan’s bill becomes law, “employers are going to be accountable,” said Crockett. “If there is a policy that exists, they’re going to update it; they’re going to make it current. If there isn’t a policy, they’re going to be held accountable to create a policy. And then they’re going to be accountable to follow through on it.”

Only about 70 per cent of Alberta workplaces have harassment policies in place, according to recent information from the Human Resources Institute of Alberta. The policies that do exist are inconsistent, tending to vary from employer to employer.

Crockett explained that workplace bullying is usually an insidious type of psychological abuse that happens behind closed doors. “The tactics are quite subtle, passive-aggressive,” she said. So many perpetrators never face any consequences for their behaviour; indeed, many get promoted or transferred to other locations where they continue to bully employees.

“The process doesn’t work,” said Crockett. “There’s a breakdown in the system of complaint and policy.”

She added that Alberta also needed more education and training on workplace harassment by “qualified anti-bullying specialists,” as well as resources both for victims and for those who act out.

“Most people in the workplace don’t realize that they are being bullied until at least a year after, or until they become quite ill, and that’s when they finally reach out for help,” she said.

Coolahan clarified that the bill was intended to be preventative rather than punitive. “It’s about protecting all Albertans. It’s about ensuring that all employers and employees are familiar with what harassment is and what it is not, through the use of a robust harassment policy and training,” he said.

“I’m thrilled to be able to listen to Albertans and support them with this important legislation.”

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9 Comments » for Alberta introduces bill against workplace bullying, harassment
  1. matt says:

    Ontario has strict laws in place for over 10 years now. They dont work because you need witnesses; you cannot just say this person harassed me and not have a witness. I guess you could use a minicam and microphone, but these laws still dont work and never will with most cases of harassment that I have experienced in the workplace.

  2. Tom says:

    I doubt this will work at all. Most abusers or bullies are the foremen, supervisors and people who know how to turn any harassment they commit into saying they are following company policy and it is for the protection of the employee. Sad thing is that these bullies are very good at their jobs and make the company money, so this gives them their power to abuse, and companies really only care about making money. I have been in the construction industry for 40 years and have been around many of these behaviours, mostly in the past on the receiving end… In closing, any person in a company or government who is given any authority without that person being held accountable to a mature leader will produce the same result.

  3. Helene says:

    The willful impediment of an employee’s productivity and/or actions that hinder the employee’s career have been accepted by the Government of Alberta to be incidents of workplace bullying in the public sector. This must be clearly included in Alberta’s new labour standards. All employees – not just public sector unionized workers – have the right to excel without impediment.

  4. beingBullied says:

    Workplace bullying happens everywhere. Bullies are mostly protected in their cushy management positions. They use their abuse of power over targets they feel are a threat to them. All that a bully manager has to do is go to human resources and threaten the victim’s job and career; there is really no protection anywhere. Bullying happens in government, because these institutions are so disorganized and so mismanaged that it becomes difficult to prove — government will do anything to protect their management image even if it means protecting a bully. The mental-health costs that these bullies are responsible for is outrageous; some people commit suicide from being bullied. Unionized employees actually have less power when fighting for their rights. Most bullies I have worked for over my career really were not knowledgeable; they were promoted into positions they were unqualified for. Bullying was their only way of protecting their salary.

  5. Tana says:

    I applaud the efforts to address the epidemic of workplace bullying. Unfortunately, I have to agree with the previous comments in that the bullies are generally people who are high up on the food chain of the company, or who have the ear of those who are. It is your word against theirs, unless they slip up and show their true colours when they don’t realize that someone heard or witnessed the behaviour. Secondly, if some people still don’t know what sexual harassment is, good luck teaching them what workplace bullying looks like.

  6. Gee says:

    I agree with Tom. I have been a victim of harassment for six years now from supervisors. I work in a large organization; part of their mission statement is to have the courage to bring information forward when you see something wrong. I did that and have gotten nothing but retribution for doing so. The anti-harassment policy also requires more information than the average person will have to file claim. We won’t all be safe until everyone is wearing a body camera so everything that happens to a person is recorded.

  7. Wayne says:

    I could not agree more, but it also includes those in management positions. I have been off for close to a year due to this, just because for the good of the company. I would have hoped that this day and age, companies that are lead by intimidation are destined to fail.

  8. Bill says:

    I was the victim of managerial harassment for over a decade. I finally had enough and filed a harassment complaint. I was immediately met with negative job action. I have been off work now for almost nine months due to the mental breakdown this caused. I have been through the investigation process and the appeal. The company says that there was no evidence of harassment. What a surprise, considering one of my harassers was also the investigator. Oh&s can’t do anything because the government won’t give them the power to do so.

  9. Trisha says:

    All these articles about how workplace bullying is wrong, or what workplace bullying looks like, are great. But not one of the articles that I have Googled show the number of who to contact or who to talk to to report — only links to explain more of what bullying is or what it looks like. I just want to know who I can talk to and who I can report this to take action against it.

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