OHS Canada Magazine

Ontario to lift most mask mandates March 21, remaining public health orders April 27


March 9, 2022
By The Canadian Press

Health & Safety Mask

(Peter Fleming/Adobe Stock)

Ontario is removing most mask mandates on March 21 and ending all remaining public health orders a month later, shifting the onus of protection from COVID-19 to individuals – a move some experts worry comes too quickly.

Improving health indicators, such as a stable COVID-19 test positivity rate and declining hospitalizations, as well as Ontario’s high vaccination rates and the availability of antiviral treatments, allow for these steps, the chief medical officer of health said Wednesday.

“You have to recognize you can’t mandate masking forever, that it has to be eventually an individual choice based on an individual’s risk assessment,” Dr. Kieran Moore said.

“We’re at that point by March 21, that we’re asking Ontarians to do an individual assessment, acknowledging that the risk remains, but that we’re well over the peak of activity across Ontario and we have to learn to live with this virus.”

The announcement comes as 1,974 new COVID-19 cases were reported Wednesday, though Moore has said that limits on testing mean the true number is likely 10 times higher.

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New variant could change guidance: Moore

Moore said masking requirements may need to return if a new variant emerges. In the meantime, he encouraged people to be kind to those who choose to continue wearing masks and said he would personally keep wearing one in a mall or busy big-box store. Moore also “strongly recommended” people who are vulnerable to keep masking.

Premier Doug Ford said at an unrelated announcement Wednesday that the world has learned a lot since March 2020 and Ontario is in much better shape now.

“We’re going to move forward cautiously, and if someone wants to keep (a mask) on, God bless them, and good for them,” he said in Brantford, Ont. “But I know a lot of people don’t want to keep them on.”

Some experts criticize rushed timeline

Dr. Gerald Evans, an infectious diseases physician and member of Ontario’s science advisory table, was one of several experts to say the province’s timeline is too rushed.

The removal of capacity limits, vaccine certificates and mask mandates is happening in a relatively short amount of time, he said, and mask requirements should have been kept in place until the weather gets warmer and virus activity naturally diminishes.

“I’m as anxious as anyone to get out of the pandemic and to go back to something that was what we had before 2020, but on the other hand, we have to be very careful,” Evans said.

“There’s a kind of almost a narrative being driven here that everything’s over. We’re all done. Let’s just move forward. And I think we need to just do that with a little bit more … time-based caution.”

Reopening stages

The next step in Ontario’s reopening will come on March 14, when mandatory vaccinate-or-test policies end for workers in schools, child-care settings, hospitals and long-term care. Individual organizations can keep their own requirements in place, and most hospitals have said they will continue their strict vaccine mandates.

On March 21, masking requirements in most settings will be removed – including in schools and child-care settings – except for public transit, and health-care and congregate settings such as long-term care. Toronto’s top doctor has recommended the city’s mask mandates expire in lockstep with Ontario’s.

The province will continue to send masks and rapid antigen tests to schools and businesses.

A coalition of children’s hospitals, including Toronto’s SickKids and CHEO in Ottawa, had urged the province to keep masks in schools for at least two weeks after March Break, saying that public health measures are what have kept schools open.

“We encourage everyone to continue masking in schools, if they are able,” the hospitals wrote Wednesday. “We all want the pandemic to be a memory for our kids, not part of their day-to-day. But we’re not quite there yet.”

Teachers’ unions suggest move is politically driven

The major teachers’ unions expressed concern that lifting mask mandates in schools so soon would lead to another disruption to in-person learning and some suggested the move is politically driven.

“Unfortunately, it appears that a fast-approaching June election is influencing politicians’ decisions to lift COVID-19 safety measures,” Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario president Karen Brown wrote in a statement.

Moore said his decisions are based on science and “have not been affected by any understanding of the political system.”

Other measures in schools, such as cohorting and on-site screening for symptoms will also end on March 21, as will all regulatory requirements for businesses, such as to do “passive” screening.

On April 27, all remaining mask rules will be lifted and remaining emergency orders and directives will end, except isolation requirements for those who’ve tested positive for COVID-19 or have symptoms.

But isolation guidelines were changed Wednesday for close contacts, with the province eliminating them for non-household close contacts, and loosening them for household members of someone with COVID-19 or who is symptomatic.

Ontario sharply curtailed access to PCR testing when Omicron infections drove demand to untenable levels, making it difficult to get an accurate picture of COVID-19 activity in the province. The government slightly expanded eligibility Wednesday, including residents in home and community care.

Labs processed up to 75,000 tests a day at the end of December, but now are doing fewer than 20,000. Limited PCR access makes it harder to detect new variants, Evans said.

In November, the province was doing whole genomic sequencing, which can detect mutations and new variants, on 100 per cent of eligible positive COVID-19 samples, but had to scale that back to 20 per cent. Public Health Ontario said it is also doing some targeted sampling from travel, outbreaks and coroner requests.

Ontario is also updating its reporting on COVID-19 deaths starting Friday. The province will classify whether COVID-19 caused a death, contributed to a death, or if the cause of death is unknown or missing. As well, Ontario will report deaths by vaccination status and age group, and remove from the cumulative total any deaths that are now classified as being unrelated to COVID-19.

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